Ilorin Emirate, also known as the ”Emirate of Yarba” and the ”Frontier Emirate”, occupied virtually what is today Kwara State in North-Central Nigeria. Ancient Ilorin region was home to Oke Suna, one of the early centres of Islam and Islamization in Yorubaland but about which very little information is available at present. Oke Suna literally translates ”Settlement” or ”Abode” or ”Quarters” of the Sunnites, that is Muslims who upheld the traditions and practices of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam. The exact date of the founding of the settlement is unclear but prior to the early 1800s, the settlement had attracted Muslims of diverse origins including Kanuri, Nupe, Baruba, Yoruba, Fulani, etc. Some of these Muslims were involved in developments that led to the establishment of Ilorin Emirate during the third decade of the 19th century while their descendants in different parts of Ilorin have continued to play prominent roles in the sustenance of Ilorin’s reputation for Islamic learning and propagation in the emirate. Ilorin Emirate was established in c.1823 following the success of an Islamic movement initiated by a renowned Fulani Islamic scholar, Shaikh Salihu ibn Janta (d. c.1823). Its first Emir, Abdulsalami (reigned c.1823-c.1836) was the son and successor of the Shaikh. Ilorin city, in west-central part of modern Nigeria has remained the headquarters of the emirate since its inception and is today the capital of modern Kwara State. The Emirate has a dual identity as one of the ”successor states” of Old Oyo Empire as well as a ”Frontier Emirate” of the Sokoto Caliphate. The city of Ilorin is particularly described as a melting pot of peoples and cultures as well as a city of scholars, saints, preachers, and teachers. The attainment of this status was facilitated by a number of factors including the geographical location of the city and the emirate in the transitional zone between the open Savannah to the north and the forest region to the south; the relative peace and security its afforded and still affords migrants and settlers and its rich and sustained tradition of Islamic scholarship. This has made the city attractive to Islamic scholars and Muslims in search for Islamic knowledge from different regions up till recent times. Thus, the city is home to various linguistics groups including the Yoruba, Fulani, Hausa, Kanuri, Nupe, Bariba, Gwari, Malians, Sudanese, Songhays, Dendi, etc. The emirate is, therefore, endowed with a very rich history, culture and dynamic tradition. Though the emirate is famous in different human endevaours such as traditional industrial activities (including pottery making, cloth weaving, ironworking, bead making etc.), trading, warfare, etc., it is in its tradition of Arabic and Islamic scholarship that the emirate has been most famous up to the present time. Hence, for almost two centuries now, its indigenes are renowned for their commitment to Islam and their immense intellectual contributions in various fields of Arabic and Islamic scholarship as well as in the Islamization of other parts of modern Nigeria particularly in the region south of River Niger.